From page 46 of Matt Ridley’s great book, The Rational Optimist:
The cumulative accretion of knowledge by specialists that allows us each to consume more and more different things by each producing fewer and fewer is, I submit, the central story of humanity. Innovation changes the world but only because it aids the elaboration of the division of labor and encourages the division of time. Forget wars, religions, famines and poems for the moment. This is history’s greatest theme: the metastasis of exchange, specialization and the invention it has called forth, the ‘creation’ of time. The rational optimist invites you to stand back and look at your species differently, to see the grand enterprise of humanity that has progressed – with frequent setbacks – for 100,000 years. And then, when you have seen that, consider whether that enterprise is finished or if, as the optimist claims, it still has centuries and millennia to run. If, in fact, it might be about to accelerate to an unprecedented rate.
A brand new perspective has occurred to me during the first 50 pages of this book: Trade is the unsung hero for humanity.
It’s something that everybody around the world does every single day, and it is the reason why human beings have reached a standard of living that includes more leisure and comfort than anybody else in any other era could only have dreamed about!
So it seems suspicious that Ridley would even have to write an entire book about this. Trade’s phenomenal transformative power already seems so obviously true, so self evident that a 359 page discussion on the topic just seems like the workings of a sadist.
But books like Ridley’s or even simple YouTube videos like Milton Friedman rehearsing Leonard Read’s masterpiece, I,Pencil, are necessary! This kind of stuff quite literally changed the way I perceived the world upon coming out of my 12 year stint in the government-run
education indoctrination camp. And, on this blog, I suspect I am not alone.
On the other hand, “Fashionable opinion” on free trade is a far cry from the stuff of Ridley’s book; it seems to be either hostility or ignorance. But ignorance in a more eerie sense than mere apathy; more like the people who show up on our TV and computer screens have all implicitly agreed to some sort of conspiracy to simply pretend like none of this kind of stuff exists…
I’m going to continue reading Ridley’s book. But every page frustrates me for the sincere belief that this ought to be common knowledge. Ridley isn’t inventing his own profound theories here; he’s simply saluting and bringing attention to a phenomenon which is as powerful and invisible as electricity: Free trade.