Don Boudreaux and Bryan Caplan have an interesting exchange regarding Caplan’s question on why no libertarian/Progressive alliance has formed on key issues of agreement. Caplan’s original post is here. Don’s comment is here. Caplan’s reply to Don is here.
Both Don and Bryan are people who, when I disagree with them, I think long and hard about why. Bryan never hesitates to put his money where his mouth is and Don’s reputation of being a careful thinker is well-earned.
That said, I wonder if there isn’t an explanation that is compatible with both their arguments as I understand them. That explanation comes from magic.
Gordon Tullock explains:
Most traditional institutions are surrounded with what anthropologists call “magic.” They are thought of in unrealistic terms, the lack of realism having the effect of making us more satisfied with our environment by convincing us that it is better than it really is. the courts are no exception. The view that an outcome of the judicial process is “true” is widely held.
The above quote comes from The Logic of the Law as reprinted in Volume 9 of the Liberty Fund’s Collected Works of Gordon Tullock, page 39.
I wonder if it is possible both Don is right that Progressives don’t necessarily see/believe in spontaneous order and that Bryan is right that Progressives see the value, but don’t like the corruption and whatnot that spawns.
Using Tullock’s language from the above quote, I wonder if Progressives are more susceptible to the “magic” of government, seeing it as better than it truly is and are less susceptible to the “magic” of markets, seeing it as worse than it truly is. And the same is true of libertarians: they see markets as “magic” but government as less so*. As such, Progressives may be more likely to oversell the benefits of government and the flaws of markets and undersell the value of spontaneous order, even if they know it is there. Conversely, libertarians may oversell the benefits of markets and flaws of government and undersell the value of government, even if they know it’s there.
I wonder if, at the extremes, Don is right (extreme Progressives, being completely absorbed with the “magic” and seeing spontaneous order as the antithesis of government, completely reject the notion of spontaneous order (and vice versa for libertarians)), but the more moderate/intellectual in both camps see the benefits of each but are still under a “magical spell”.
Perhaps the issue here isn’t that Progressives are simply anti-market or that they simply do not see the benefits of spontaneous order. Perhaps the issue is the two groups simply have different kinds of magical attunement.
*For the record, I don’t think either Don or Bryan are under such magical spells.